An Anthology of Early European Portrayals of the Buddha, edited by Donald S. Lopez Jr.

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An Anthology of Early European Portrayals of the Buddha, edited by Donald S. Lopez Jr.

Post by Aemilius »

Interesting book: Strange Tales of an Oriental Idol, An Anthology of Early European Portrayals of the Buddha, edited by Donald S. Lopez Jr. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago & London, 2016

Voltaire knows Buddha by the name "Sammonocodom, the god of the Siamese". This name is actually Sramana Gautama or Samana Gotama. Remarks about Sramana Gautama are scattered in various places of Voltaire's A Philosophical Dictionary, in 10 Volumes, so they are quite hard to find. Voltaire knows, for example, that Sramana Gautama had several incarnations, or transformations, as he calls them, and that he was born from a young virgin and was raised on a flower (!)

CHAPTER ONE: From 200 to 1500

St. Clement of Alexandria (d. 215 CE)
St. Jerome (ca. 347–420)
Socrates of Constantinople (b. ca. 380)
Anonymous (ninth century) St. Euthymius of Mount Athos (ca. 955–1028)
King Het‘um I of Armenia (1215–1270)
Marco Polo (ca. 1254–1324)
Rashīd al-Dīn (1247–1318)
Odoric of Pordenone (1286?–1331)

CHAPTER TWO: From 1501 to 1600

Anjirō (1511–1550?)
St. Francis Xavier (1506–1552)
Guillaume Postel (1510–1581)
Martín de Rada (1533–1578)
Bernardino de Escalante (ca. 1537 to after 1605)
Juan Gonzáles de Mendoza (ca. 1540–1617)
William Adams (1564–1620)
Cesar Fredericke

CHAPTER THREE: From 1601 to 1700

Matteo Ricci (1552–1610)
Samuel Purchas (1577?–1626)
Nicolas Trigault (1577–1628)
Roberto de Nobili (1577–1656)
Richard Cocks (1566–1624)
Cristoforo Borri (1583–1632)
Álvaro Semedo (1585–1658)
Athanasius Kircher (1602–1680)
Jean-Baptiste Tavernier (1605–1689)
Robert Knox (1641–1720)
Abbé de Choisy (1644–1724)
Alexandre, Chevalier de Chaumont (1640–1710)
Fernaõ de Queyroz (1617–1688)
Tomás Pereira (1645–1708)
Guy Tachard (1651–1712)
Nicolas Gervaise (ca. 1662–1729)
Simon de la Loubère (1642–1729)
Louis le Comte (1655–1728)
Engelbert Kaempfer (1651–1716)

CHAPTER FOUR: From 1701 to 1800

Ippolito Desideri (1684–1733)
François Valentijn (1666–1727)
Jean Frédéric Bernard (1683–1744)
and Bernard Picart (1673–1733)
Jean Baptiste du Halde (1674–1743)
Adriano di St. Thecla (1667–1765)
Antonio Agostino Giorgi (1711–1797)
Denis Diderot (1713–1784)
and Jean le Rond d’Alembert (1717–1783)
Voltaire (1694–1778)
Peter Simon Pallas (1741–1811)
Guillaume le Gentil (1725–1792)
William Hurd Jean-Baptiste Grosier (1743–1823)
Sir William Jones (1746–1794)
Thomas Maurice (1754–1824)
Louis-Mathieu Langlès (1763–1824)
Paulinus a S. Bartholomaeo (1748–1806)
Francis Wilford (1761–1822)
Colin Mackenzie (1753–1821)
Captain Mahony Michael Symes (1761–1809)
Vincenzo Sangermano (d. 1819)

CHAPTER FIVE: From 1801 to 1844

Joseph Endelin de Joinville Francis Hamilton (1762–1829)
Alexander Hamilton (1762–1824)
Edward Moor (1771–1848)
Francis Wilford (1761–1822)
William Erskine (1773–1852)
George Stanley Faber (1773–1854)
Michel-Jean François Ozeray (1764–1859)
Robert Fellowes (1770–1847)
Francis (Hamilton) Buchanan (1762–1829)
R. N. Golownin (1776–1831)
John Crawfurd (1783–1868)
John Davy (1790–1868)
Julius Heinrich Klaproth (1783–1835)
Thomas Abercrombie Trant (1805–1832)
Samuel Davis (1760–1819)
Horace Hayman Wilson (1786–1860)
Karl Friedrich Neumann (1793–1870)
Charles Coleman
Edward Upham (1776–1834)
Jean-Pierre Abel-Rémusat (1788–1832)
George Turnour (1799–1843)
Alexander Csoma de Kőrös (1784–1842)
Eugène Burnouf (1801–1852)
"All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Sarvē mānavāḥ svatantrāḥ samutpannāḥ vartantē api ca, gauravadr̥śā adhikāradr̥śā ca samānāḥ ēva vartantē. Ētē sarvē cētanā-tarka-śaktibhyāṁ susampannāḥ santi. Api ca, sarvē’pi bandhutva-bhāvanayā parasparaṁ vyavaharantu."
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 1. (in english and sanskrit)
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Re: An Anthology of Early European Portrayals of the Buddha, edited by Donald S. Lopez Jr.

Post by Linguistic Mystic »

Thanks for sharing. I wasn't aware of this book. I hold Lopez's scholarship in high regard and this seems like a very fun read indeed!
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