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PostPosted: Thu Apr 26, 2012 10:31 am 
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Things just get worse day after day.

Danger from the deep: New climate threat as methane rises from cracks in Arctic ice

Scientists shocked to find greenhouse gas 70 times more potent than CO2 bubbling from deep ocean

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/scien ... 69174.html

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A new source of methane – a greenhouse gas many times more powerful than carbon dioxide – has been identified by scientists flying over areas in the Arctic where the sea ice has melted.

The researchers found significant amounts of methane being released from the ocean into the atmosphere through cracks in the melting sea ice. They said the quantities could be large enough to affect the global climate. Previous observations have pointed to large methane plumes being released from the seabed in the relatively shallow sea off the northern coast of Siberia but the latest findings were made far away from land in the deep, open ocean where the surface is usually capped by ice.

Eric Kort of Nasa's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, said that he and his colleagues were surprised to see methane levels rise so dramatically each time their research aircraft flew over cracks in the sea ice.

"When we flew over completely solid sea ice, we didn't see anything in terms of methane. But when we flew over areas were the sea ice had melted, or where there were cracks in the ice, we saw the methane levels increase," Dr Kort said. "We were surprised to see these enhanced methane levels at these high latitudes. Our observations really point to the ocean surface as the source, which was not what we had expected," he said.

"Other scientists had seen high concentrations of methane in the sea surface but nobody had expected to see it being released into the atmosphere in this way," he added.

Methane is about 70 times more potent as a greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide when it comes to trapping heat. However, because methane is broken down more quickly in the atmosphere, scientists calculate that it is 20 times more powerful over a 100-year cycle. The latest methane measurements were made from the American HIPPO research programme where a research aircraft loaded with scientific instruments flies for long distances at varying altitudes, measuring and recording gas levels at different heights.

The study, published in the journal Nature Geoscience, covered several flights into the Arctic at different times of the year. They covered an area about 950 miles north of the coast of Alaska and about 350 miles south of the North Pole. Dr Kort said that the levels of methane coming off this region were about the same as the quantities measured by other scientists monitoring methane levels above the shallow sea of the East Siberian Arctic Shelf.

"We suggest that the surface waters of the Arctic Ocean represent a potentially important source of methane, which could prove sensitive to changes in sea ice cover," the researchers write. "The association with sea ice makes this methane source likely to be sensitive to changing Arctic ice cover and dynamics, providing an unrecognised feedback process in the global atmosphere-climate system," they say.

Climate scientists are concerned that rising temperatures in the Arctic could trigger climate-feedbacks, where melting ice results in the release of methane which in turn results in a further increase in temperatures.

"We should be concerned because there's so many things in the Arctic where the warming feeds further warming. There are many things in the Arctic that do respond to warming," said Euan Nisbet, a methane expert at Royal Holloway University of London.

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PostPosted: Thu Apr 26, 2012 1:00 pm 
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This is why I took my daughter exploring coral reefs March and April. I want her to be able to remember the incredible world we lived in. There was a time when the fuel consumption of international flights would have stopped me. Things are approaching terminal now IMO so I plan to make the best of it.

:offtopic: Coral reefs are amazing. Get some diving time before they are gone.

I flew over the pole and can tell you what an empty place it is. Thousands of miles of nothing but mud and then a few thousand miles of ice then a few thousand more of mud on the other side. Then I landed in a city of 21 million people. Strange world.


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PostPosted: Fri Apr 27, 2012 2:29 am 
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Nemo wrote:
I flew over the pole and can tell you what an empty place it is. Thousands of miles of nothing but mud and then a few thousand miles of ice then a few thousand more of mud on the other side. Then I landed in a city of 21 million people. Strange world.


The novelty of having just flown over 2500 km from Kathmandu to Hong Kong in less than six hours doesn't escape me. In the old days such a journey would have taken over a year.

Centuries from now when the lack of fossil fuels renders air travel impossible (maybe hot air balloons will survive) our globe trotting on iron birds will be something akin to mythology.

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PostPosted: Fri Apr 27, 2012 6:02 am 
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Balloons run on gas.
http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/en/bertrand_piccard_s_solar_powered_adventure.html

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