Aemilius wrote:Sravasti Dhammika has in his blog told us about a sutta in which Bhagavan Gautama tells bhikkhus about His travels in distant lands and about his teaching the Dharma there, Bhagavan says: "I adopted their garments, their diets, their customs, only then did I teach them Dharma. Then I went to another country and did the same,.. and yet another country,..."
From different existing facts we can conclude that in the first centuries after Parinirvana, or starting even after his enlightenment under Bodhitree, there never was a one unified Sangha, there never was a one unified Doctrine of Dharma, there never was a one unified Vinaya.
Buddha Gautama had preached the doctrine to different peoples according to their understanding, in different ways, in different localities and countries. From the beginning the Dharma existed in diverse different forms, in different languages. It existed in several languages, maybe something like a dozen languages.
100 years after Parinirvana there where some six, seven, eight, or even twenty local independent Sanghas, that each had their independent doctrines and customs and codes of behaviour, and they existed in different languages. At this period the tradition was solely oral.
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