Darwid, your comment blithely asserts that whatever changes does not exist. This sounds cool but if you ignored your boss every time his arm moved because you thought it meant he did not exist, I think your career would be short-lived.
One of the reasons I like Buddhism (well, Tibetan Buddhism at least) is that it is generally precise in its presentation. The boss is not an illusion, the boss is *like* an illusion.
I think this is important. Without it, you get all sorts of projected nonsense.
Your view about boss is actually correct to a certain Buddhist school. In this case Madyamika Sautrantika.
This is however critized by Madyamika Prasangika scholar, such as Candrakirti.
I don't want to go to such detail. Let us discuss with just common sense.
If you see the word "everything is just like an illusion. " in this word,the reflection of moon in the lake is illusion. How about the real moon? Is it real? It itself is also illusion, because EVERYTHING is illusion. It is not some is illusion, some are real.
In your opinion, you are thinking some are illusion, but some are real. Isn't it?
To you, the movement of your boss arm is real, isn't it?
This illusion notion is confused by a lot of people because they cannot differentiate between illusion and nihilism. They are almost similar, but they are actually also VERY VERY different.
What is illusion?
If someone show me a magic display, show my boss hand is moving, we are not denying oh sorry the hand is not moving, because it is a magic display.
This is a misunderstanding. Even in a magic display, we acknowledge there is a hand, there is a boss, there is a hand which is moving.
However, is the hand real? Is the boss real? Is the moving real?
From the perspective of appearance, they are all real. No dispute here.
But from the perspective of essence, identity, core, or self, is the hand real? Is the boss real? Is the movement real? From this essence perspective, they are not real. So, the definition of illusion has two important feature:
1. The appearance is real, but
2. The essence is not real.
Now, how about in real life?
You see your boss. You see his arm. His arm is moving. It looks so real isn't it?
There is no one deny that this boss is real, his arm is real, his movement is real. So, from the perspective of appearance, it has fulfilled 50% of illusion characteristic. The appearance occur.
However, when you ask further is this appearance of boss, his arm, and his movement unreal like in a magic display?
For ordinary folk, they will see they have essence. Their eyes will not be able to penetrate this solidness and see this solidness as something not solid and not real. That is why ordinary folk does not have wisdom of emptiness, because they eyes only see true the skin. They cannot see through what is the actual face of this skin of this solidness?
Buddha can see through this and anyone who can see through this they have a wisdom of emptiness.
From the perspective of the boss, yes the appearance of boss is there. But it is REALLY true that there is a boss?
In Buddhism, there is nothing exist inherently or exist with a self.
If something has a self or identity, that identity is in unchangeable. If that identity is changeable, in the sense that this present moment of identity is not same with the next moment of identity, it means doesn't have an identity or essence.
There is nothing on earth where this present identity is similar with the next identity. The present identity is wipe out by the next moment of identity due to causes and condition. So, you cannot find two similar body exactly same at a very minute detail.
We always think this body, so big is the same. This yesterday's body is same with today's body. For Buddhism, this is not the case. The body right know and the body in the next 0.00000000000000000000001 second are already different. You will never ever have a chance to have an exactly same body. Buddha eyes can see through all this with his wisdom.
Because everything is changing, you have no chance to have 2 exact things. The existence of 1 thing is always wipe out by the next different thing because they are impermanent, which is changing or changeable due to causes an conditiPon.
So, you cannot have to similar body. The question then where is the self of body?
You cannot find it.
You can argue that no, I can see thing with microscope and I have exactly the same structures. So, I can have exactly two identities. Fine. You are right up to here.
Now, if I ask you this, how if you change the condition that support it? Do you think you will still get exactly same thing?
You won't have it. It means your system is changeable
Anything which is changeable doesn't have an identity, doesn't have a self.
If something has an identity, a baby will always be a baby, because he has that identity or a self or a core which tell you this is baby, unchangable, solid, and permanent. This is not true isn't it?
So the meaning of no self shows us that we cannot have two thing exactly same.
What we are discussing here is simply intellectual display.
If you do a meditation, you will reach a state where your mind is extremely sharp when you can see thing in a very precise detail. You can see the movements of your thoughts in a very clear and precise movement. You know exactly when tr though appear, when it goes, when it disappear. When you see this again and again, you will come to realize that even your mind, you cannot have 2 mind with the same state, it is always changing and changeable.
In this way, you can never have 2 same identity, or two self.
In terms of appearance, you have mind, but in terms of identity you cannot have it.
So, even body and even mind, you cannot have 2 similar identity, which in this sense it actually show you there is no self.
We always think there is a self. But it is irony, we never question it, whether what we believe is true or not. When you do a research, which is your meditation, you can see all this. You can see that what we think is baseless.
Now, We see the real moon, it is so solid. This eyes tell us that. But sorry, this mind doesn't tell us that.
So, from this discussion we can see that you won't have a self or inherent identity is whatever you see, smell, touch, think, taste, etc. Never ever.
This is another 50% of the illusion characteristic, there is nothing inside. Whether you can see it or not, it all depends on your effort and merit.
So, 50% tell us there is appearance of body, of boss, of his arm, of his movement; but another 50% tell us this body has no identity, selfless, hollow. This boss is also no identity, selfless, hollow. His arm is also no identity, selfless, hollow.
This is illusion.
Everything is illusion. They are not only like an illusion, but they are really illusions.
When you realize this, you will realize the union of emptiness and appearance.
If before when you see something, you can really feel the magnet of those things. Now, when you see things, you will feel very light. Just appearance. Where is the problem?
This understanding will really bring yourself to peace. When you do a meditation, you will be very peace right from the start. The thought that appear and running here and there, are no longer a problem. Because they are just an appearance. The magnet no longer catch your attention, because you realize their hollowness.
They are not something we need to get rid of, they are also not something we need to accept.
There is also no I that want to get rid of the thoughts. There is also no I that fights with the thoughts.
When you left with nothing called identity or essence, not even a single dot; Nothing can catch "you", even the bliss cannot catch "you". They are all simply hollow appearances, simply hollow feelings. There is also no you or I to be touched. They are only hollow I, hollow you.
Only "peace" is with "you".