Then there are the modern myths;
Money makes you happy, and its hippy variant,
Lack of money makes you happy.
Then there is is the Woody Allen/ Brown Rice syndrome.
In the film Sleeper, Allen's character is frozen cryogenically for a hundred years. When he is revived he says, " I must look up all my friends" It is explained to him that they will all be dead. " But they all ate brown rice and miso soup" he wails.
The belief that if I leave the TV on standby my great grandchildren will have to live in limbo because there will be no planet for them to inhabit.
Then there is the belief that if I call myself a Buddhist ( for example ) I will have labelled myself out of existence and will somehow melt into a state of non being.
Then there is the belief that if I sit on a special cushion called a zuton or a zablonski or somesuch and wait long enough in an upright posture while breathing in and out, I will discover that I have in fact had a "Buddha nature" all along..so thats all right. Phew.
Lets not be too quick to decide what is or is not " primitive"...
The going for refuge is the door of entrance to the teachings of the Buddha.