Hòa thượng[a] Thích Quảng Đức ( /tɪtʃ kwɒŋ dʊk/ tich kwong duuk; Vietnamese pronunciation: [tʰɪ̌c kwãːŋ ɗɨ̌k]; Saigon: [tʰɪ̌t kwɐ̂ːŋ ɗɨ̌k] ( listen); Chữ Nôm:釋廣德; 1897 – 11 June 1963), born Lâm Văn Tức, was a Vietnamese Mahayana Buddhist monk who burned himself to death at a busy Saigon road intersection on 11 June 1963. Thích Quảng Đức was protesting against the persecution of Buddhists by South Vietnam's Ngô Đình Diệm administration. Photos of his self-immolation were circulated widely across the world and brought attention to the policies of the Diệm regime. Malcolm Browne won a Pulitzer Prize for his renowned photograph of the monk's death. After his death, his body was re-cremated, but his heart remained intact
. This was interpreted as a symbol of compassion and led Buddhists to revere him as a bodhisattva, heightening the impact of his death on the public psyche.