oushi wrote:We can assume that causality is the driving force for it, whatever it may be, but this drive takes place in the present. Intention is past (because knowledge comes from the past) projected into future.
Hm. Knowledge is past reconstructed in the present. But you could also say past experience enables the present so that the knowledge appears in the present (it could appear as an intuition, a habit, which does not need an active comparison between something remembered and what is sensed now).
But when I keep up "right intention", then that intention matters only in the now. It is only important in those moments where there is a necessity felt to keep it up. A tension, a disagreement, a defilement. Does that mean I project it into the future? I don't think so. If I do, there is bad karma.
Somebody who wants to give up smoking does best never give up smoking, or he will fold under the pain of never being allowed one cigarette again. That comes with a perceived loss, and as long as that loss is felt, it causes bad karma and there is no liberation.
But somebody could, whenever the body picks up a cigarette and lights it, intend not to smoke it, and put it back down. Then, at some time laying down the cigarette becomes a habit. And at a time later, thinking of cigarettes will cease. And if it comes back, it won't have a pull to it. It will not make you smoke that cigarette. You will probably laugh at the thought.