I believe this came about because Jack Kerouac wrote that book, The Dharma Bums.
Yes, he was a beat, but then in my readings, as I remember it, many of the beats became hippies. But his book, On the Road
, was very popular with the hippies as well. His Buddhist type of religion as far as I remember seemed hedonistic
to me, but I could be wrong. In later years I read a book about him in which he wished that those books had not been published or he tried to stop them from being published, I don't remember which, but he felt this because he had moved away from that lifestyle or if maybe it didn't last. And yet I wonder if he completely had moved away from his hedonistic lifestyle? It has been 20 years since I spent time reading beat literature, but I also remember that the beat, Allen Ginsberg was also into Buddhism and Hinduism and lead chants such as Om Namah Shivaya and Hare Krishna
and well as others. His guru was Chögyam Trungpa. But when I was in Berkeley in the 70s, I more into the New Age, psyhic readings, and just before moving, I took TM but not the teachings. And it wasn't until a few years after moving that I began reading about the hippies and beatniks. But I just found these articles:
Here is a wikipedia comment:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_hippie_movementThe Beat Generation, especially those associated with the San Francisco Renaissance gradually gave way to the Sixties counterculture, accompanied by a shift in terminology from "beatnik" to "hippie." Many of the original Beats remained active participants, notably Allen Ginsberg, who became a fixture of the anti-war movement. On the other hand, Jack Kerouac broke with Ginsberg and criticized the 1960s protest movements as an "excuse for spitefulness." Bob Dylan became close friends with Allen Ginsberg, and Ginsberg became close friends with Timothy Leary. Both Leary and Ginsberg were introduced to LSD by Michael Hollingshead in the early 1960s, and both became instrumental in popularizing psychedelic substances to the hippie movement.
Here is some information on Kerouac:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Kerouac
Kerouac was demoralized by criticism of Dharma Bums from such respected figures in the American field of Buddhism as Zen teacher Ruth Fuller Sasaki and Alan Watts. He wrote to Snyder, referring to a meeting with D. T. Suzuki, that "even Suzuki was looking at me through slitted eyes as tho I was a monstrous imposter." He passed up the opportunity to reunite with Snyder in California, and explained to Whalen, "I'd be ashamed to confront you and Gary now I've become so decadent and drunk and dontgiveashit. I'm not a Buddhist any more."[33