Astus wrote: Jesse wrote:
In some ways yes, some ways no. AI works using learning algorithms, Their decisions are based on what they learn, and integrate. They are not based on hard-coded "mandates". These of course are loosely based on our own brains, and minds.
For example:http://io9.com/5820624/computer-teaches ... vilization
Being able to adapt to some level is not the same as being free from codes. The difference I'm talking about is like this: a computer may be able to handle an artificial language (regular grammar, no phrases and other difficulties), and operates within the boundaries of that language. Human mind, however, is capable of learning several languages and reflecting on language, moving beyond grammar and words. That is, intelligence is more than just codes and rules.
The linked example is too brief a description (e.g. I doubt it could actually read the manual as you or I can) and I think we would need to be able to comprehend all the details to take it into account.
The computer code is irrelevant, because the code it's-self is simply the means by which it learns. You could compare that code to our brains, we learn and in the process of learning we change both the structure of our brain, and the connections within it. The computers may start out simple, but in the process of learning they can become more complex and able to do more. Just like a child growing into an adult.
intelligence is more than just codes and rules
We'll just have to disagree on this point, but codes and rules are simply causality conceptualized into language.
They are indeed able to learn new languages, (just like anything else), and apply that. The computers and AI of today are limited, and not very intelligent. This will change though.
If you'd like, you can "talk" to one here: http://www.cleverbot.com
(no, it's not sentient.)
You are correct about human languages though, at the moment it's proving extraordinarily difficult for computers to comprehend languages, but this will change too (it's already getting pretty advanced in some ways.) Here is some information about that:http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/turing-test/
If you forget "code", and simply say that by the process of observation and reflection, it can learn, change it's views, and adapt to new situations, does it sound so different from any other living being?
"We know nothing at all. All our knowledge is but the knowledge of schoolchildren. The real nature of things we shall never know." - Albert Einstein