When we are talking about evidences, there are many type of evidences. There are visual evidences, smell evidences, sound evidences, contact evidences, and taste evidences. All of these evidences are proven because we have these 5 senses, which we can use to prove it. These 5 senses can be considered as gross evidences and the most easy evidence to convince someone.
The failure to show evidences in this form has lead to many claims that what you say, think, or propose cannot make sense because you don't have prove in on of these 5 forms.
Many of science evidences are presented in these 5 type of evidenced, whether as graphs, videos, or many other types which all convince us they exist. What I say is true and you can see it, smell it, touch it, hear it, or taste it.
Without doubts these 5 forms of evidences are int he fact the most powerful evidences.
However, we also have 1 sense, which is this mind and it's intelligent. The prove produced by this last sense is called logical evidence.
In Mathematics or Theoretical Physics, logical evidences play a major role. Many of mathematical theorms or theoretical physics are proven based on the logic itself.
The problem with logical evidence is it is a function of that person intelligent.
When someone read the Mathematical evidence, not everyone will understand it. However, those persons will not reject it. They will say something like I know it is true, but my mind is too stupid to understand it.
Things become interesting when it comes to philosophy. Although philosophy also has graphs or videos as their evidences, the majority of evidence are actually logical evidence.
Bring it to Buddhism, some people think Buddhist is a religion. However, for some people buddhist philosophy is actually not a religion at all. It is a pure science.
Almost all of the proves are actually proven through logic.
The problem with this is for anyone who cannot prove it, they will say Buddhism is wrong. It seldom happen to mathematics. If they cannot prove it with their logic, they will not say it is wrong. They in fact acknowledge themself as stupid.
The power of logic proof is beyond eyes evidence. My eye can see there is water is the desert. However, this logic mind can prove it is an illusion.
The non existence of God as a creator in Buddhism is proven not base on 5 senses evidences, but it is proven through logic.
The most difficult subject in Buddhism, which is emptiness of inherent existence itself is proveable through logic. Various school propose their logic. Some of them are rejected by other schools and this process finally lead to different schools. Study of these different school logics finally becomes important because each logic is deny by another finer logic. As a NON BIAS practitioner, we follow them one by one until we ourself convince this is the right one, that is not the right one. We choose the one which match our intelligent. This chosen is not a blind one, but based on our intelligent level at that moment.
The power of logic can be said the backbone of Buddhism. Do you agree about this?
Whatever we see with our eyes in daily life looks extremely so real ad so solid, but when we analyze with logic there existence cannot be proven. Similar with the water image in the middle of the desert. There are illusions. There existence looks so real, but actually there existence is not there and baseless.
The understanding of their non existence finally becomes a shock news. It awake us to realize that actually although their are appearances, but inside their appearances, there are actually nothing.
Suffering is so real and so solid. But actually if we don't run away, and look it inside, there is actually nothing inside.
All of these cannot be proven through 5 senses. They can only be proven through logical analysis.
For those who said science is not important in Buddhism what is your view about this?
Some people say, what Buddhist say cannot be proven through logic. Don't think. Just meditate. It then led me to a question, if you meditate on mathematic theory which you don't understand, can you understand that theory after meditate it for years?
Same thing about Buddhist philosophy.
What is the role of logical analysis in Theravada school? How big is that role in giving you understanding in Buddhist philosophy and it's role in awake you from illusions?
As a note, with this thread I want to bring the thread of 'Science vs Buddhism' to the next level by emphasizing the role of science logic in Buddhism.