I recall that in Hermitage Among the Clouds, Thich Nhat Hanh makes the claim that "Lamaism" is a degraded form of Buddhism (this following on some oldy-moldy French scholarship). I wonder if this view on Vajrayana is common in Vietnam, and if it can be traced back to the views of French Orientalists.
Formerly Jikan. Fast and bulbous. Tight also.