I said that Japanese schools don't have full monastic ordination (i.e. according to the Vinaya) and not that there are no monasteries. Does the OBC observe the Dharmagupta Vinaya or another one?
No Caodong school exists in China as an individual organisation, although there is the Caodong lineage, however, that is only nominal and has no influence on daily monastic life.
The Meiji government only removed the punishment for breaking monastic regulations. They didn't force anyone to have families and live like a layman. It was a decision the Buddhist churches made themselves to allow people give up the previous rules. But this is a different subject and off topic.
Actually there was an Imperial decree that made temples hereditary.
This meant young boys had to take over their fathers job to takeover the family temple.
It turned monasteries into boarding schools and required many monks to become lay priests and have children in order to pass the temples on.
So sure, you could say it was their "choice" to break monastic vows.
But it was a forced choice between that or a "hard place", a worse situation.
And of course now, it's been that way there for so long, that it's become engrained, and so they have very little incentive to change it.
Dogen, Keizan, and many of the other great Japanese ancestors, (and their desciples) were fully monastic.
Soji-Ji Is a monastery in Japan, and they do have monasteries over there, and they have had priests that are monastic, however I believe those who do so, do so out of personal choice, and are not required (See above regarding this tradition).
Regarding the OBC, I'm not exactly sure on that, I will check for you.
I made the comment, because your statement seemed to refer not specifically to Zen schools in
Japan, but rather to "Japanese Schools" in general, which depending on how you look at it, would also include those lineages that have descended from Japanese origin.
If that is not how you meant it, then I apologize, as from that perspective you would indeed be correct, that there are no current fully monastic branches of Zen in Japan itself that I am aware of.
So I suppose it would depend on whether one considers western branches to still be of the Japanese schools or not.
It is certainly possible that one could argue that they are now their own branch in their own right, as there have been in some cases three generations of western teachers, master-to-desciple, so suggesting that they are no longer "Japanese" could indeed, be a valid argument.
Again, it would depend on how you look at it.
"Life is full of suffering. AND Life is full of the Eternal
IT IS OUR CHOICE
We can stand in our shadow, and wallow in the darkness,
We can turn around.
It is OUR choice." -Rev. Basil
" ...out of fear, even the good harm one another. " -Rev. Dazui MacPhillamy