Red Faced Buddha wrote:Most of the time,when people syncretize religions,they usually run into contradictions.But from what I read,Confucianism,Buddhism and Taoism go together very nicely.Concepts like wu wei(effortless doing)of Taoism and filial pity of Confucianism are very compatible with Buddhist beliefs.What do you think?
I think what you are referring to are the later developments, particularly after the Song Dynasty, that saw all three heavily influence each other. Institutional Daoism was already quite influenced by Buddhism in terms of their monasticism and scriptures (some being clear plagiarism) by the Tang Dynasty.
On the surface a lot of Confucian ideas like the five constant virtues 五常 (benevolence 仁, justice 義, propriety 禮, wisdom 智, and trust 信) are quite compatible with Buddhist ethics, though going beyond that there are a lot of incompatibilities. For example, until the Song Dynasty the Confucian tradition focused on the Five Classics 五經, one of which is the Liji
禮記, which forms the basis for Rujiao 儒教 or Confuciuan thought. In it we find encouragement for violent revenge:
Qu Li I:
With the enemy who has slain his father, he should not live under the same sky. With the enemy who has slain his brothers, he does not even return home to retrieve his weapons. With the enemy who has slain his good friend, he does not live in the same country.
also prescribes animal sacrifices and meat eating. This is of course incompatible with the Buddhadharma where the Buddha condemned animal sacrifice as a wicked and awful act. In particular in Chinese Buddhism meat eating was especially taboo after the 6th century when meat eating was expressly forbidden under Emperor Liangwu's 梁武帝 reign (502–549).
The other texts of the Five Classics likewise generally reflect the same ideas and values expressed in the Liji
. They reflect the values of ancient Chinese aristocrats, many of whom were warriors or involved in warcraft given their profession in statecraft. They are not the work of sages.
論語 or Analects
was not included in the five, but was later adopted as canonical by Zhu Xi 朱熹 in the Song Dynasty, where he included it in the Four Books 四書. If you ignore the Five Classics and focus just on what Confucius is quoted as saying in said work, then there is less objectionable material than in the Five Classics, but it must be understood that the aforementioned texts are the canon of Confucianism and form the core basis for their values, morals and outlook on life.