wongsor wrote:From what i get from the first few verses , I understand that
the sutra states all panca skandas are empty ( does not exist by itself but exists as a whole being),
and since the synergy of panca skandas make up an individual , so how do we further expand this ?
I mean so what if our panca skandas are empty ? What we experience is still real, so what if the panca skandas have to synergize for an experience ? We still eat , drink, work , etc.
Form is emptiness, emptiness form. Form is exactly emptiness, emptiness is exactly form.
So all phenomena is dependent arising. Your observation about the panca skandas is extended to all phenomena - rain, the sky, people, our solar system, life, death, etc. All animate and inanimate phenomena. There are three phenomena that lay outside of this (space, an Arhat's cessation and one other - but in Zen this might be disputed [an Arhat's cessation for example refers I think to enlightenment - enlightenment is unconditioned but in Zen people would say that an Arhat can't attain enlightenment without practice so in this way enlightenment is a dependent arising).
All of the middle 1/3 -> the last 1/5th of the common version of the Heart Sutra deal with dependent arising in all phenomena in terms of the non-inherent existence of phenomena including the skandhas and the 12 links of Dependent Arising , both of which are used explicitly to illustrate the teaching.
The final fifth of the Heart Sutra designates this teaching as the practice of Bodhisattvas whose mastery and realization completely overcomes all suffering.