Blue Garuda wrote:
It's an incarnation lineage of the head of the Dzogchen Monastery, starting with Dzogchen Pema Rigdzin, in the 17th century.
Yes, that's in his biog I quoted, but doesn't tell me how he relates to all the other Dzogchen teachers in TB or if 'the' Dozgchen lineage stands apart from the schools, is part of the Nyingma, or if he is at the head of them all, or not related to them at all. etc.
I guess a chart would be clearest, but I'll bet there isn't one! LOL
I have to admit that coming from the Gelugpa, all the lineages and termas people mention send me cross-eyed and there seems no idiot's guide to it all.
Nyingma has so many lineages, that it would have to be an overly simplyfied guide. In general each terma cycle has its own lineage. Sometimes the corpus of one terma cycle amounts to prety much the volume of teachings in one of the sarma schools. For example Dudjom tersar has more than 20 volumes of teachings and these are mostly just texts by Dudjom Lingpa and Dudjom Rinpoche, if we included all the later commentaries and other literature connected to Dudjom Tersar it might be well over 30 volumes. I saw some published collected works of Barom Kagyu and it was something like ten volumes, if I remember right. So if we look at the amount of the literature and the practices connected to that some of the terma lineages could kind of be considered a school in their own right. Of course everything is impermanent and not many terma lineages survive in the full extent over the time. So later new termas are discovered. Some terma lineages are more institutionalized while others are more independent - they are not tied to any particular monasteries and are only passed down as instructional lineage. In general in Nyingma there are 6 major monasteries which preserve some of the major terma lineages and the kama lineages. These are:
Palyul - they practice mainly Namcho cycle, termas of Ratna Lingpa and Longchen Nyingthig
Dordrag - mainly Jangter - termas of Rigdzin Godem, Tulku Zangpo Dragpa and other tertons
Shechen - Longchen Nyingthig, kama, Rangjung Pema Nyingthig (terma of Dilgo Khyentse), not sure what else they practice.
Mindroling - mainly termas of Terdag lingpa and Kama
Kathog - termas of Longsal Nyingpo, Dudul Dorje and Konchog Chidu (Jater - terma of Jatson Nyingpo)
Dzogchen - Longchen Nyingthig, Jater, Nyingthig Yazhi and whatever else.
Other lineages, that have their own centers include:
Peling - tradition of Pema Lingpa (mainly in Bhutan,) also thanks to Gangteng Tulku Rinpoche in the West now.
Chogling Tersar - termas of Chogyur Lingpa (seats in eastern Tibet, India and Nepal, also many centers in the west).
Dudjom Tersar - termas of Dudjom Lingpa and Dudjom Rinpoche, it seems to me that they are pretty much everywhere now.
Ripa - they practice termas of Tagsham cycle and recent termas of Namkha Drime Rinpoche.
There are some terma lineages of Nyingma teachings outside of Nyingma school - such as Karma Nyingthig and termas of different Karmapas and other Kamtsang teachers (Pawo and Chagme Rinpoches, 6th Shamarpa etc.)in Karma Kagyu lineage. Drikung Yangzab and other termas of Drikung masters in Drikung Kagyu. Termas of Terchen Barwai Dorje in Barom Kagyu, etc. Termas of 5th Dalailama in Gelug lineage and I guess there would be some termas of Wandu Nyingpo in Sakya lineage.
In general most of these termas will include some practice of Guru Padmasambhava and his different forms, practice of yidam, like Avalokiteshvara, Amitayus, Vajrasattva, Vajrakila, Yamantaka or Hayagriva - I think these are most common and a practice of dakini like Simhamukha, Khrodikali or Vajravarahi. Then there will be also some dzogchen instruction.