In Majjhima Nikaya 135 a brahman raises the problem:
There are found people who are short-lived, and those that are long-lived; there are found people
who are very sick, and those that are healthy; there are found people who are ugly, and also those
that are beautiful; there are found people who are powerless, and those that are powerful; there
are found people who are poor, and those that are rich; there are found people who are of low
family, and those that are of high family; there are found people who are stupid, and those that
are intelligent. What then, Master Gotama, is the reason for this diverse inferiority & superiority
among human beings?The Blessed One replied:
Beings are owners of their kamma, inherit their kamma, kamma is their maker and creator,
they are born from and by their kamma, kamma is the womb from which they emerge,
they are linked and associated to their past kamma as their friend and refuge...
Therefore does kamma divide beings into the high and low, beautiful and ugly!
In Anguttara Nikaya III,40 it is said:
"Killing, stealing, adultery, lying, backbiting, harsh angry speech and empty prattling, practiced,
cultivated and frequently engaged in, will lead to hell, the animal world or the realm of ghosts."
Further: "Whoso kills and is cruel, will either go to hell, or if reborn as a human, will be short-lived.
Whosoever tortures other beings, will be afflicted with disease. The hater will be ugly & hideous,
the envious will be without influence, the stubborn will be of low rank, the indolent will be ignorant.
In the reverse case, a person will be reborn in a heavenly world; or, if reborn as a human being, and
will be endowed with health, beauty, influence, riches, noble rank and intelligence."In the Milindapañha the King asks the Arahat Nagasena:
What is it, Venerable Sir, that will be reborn after death?
O King: A psycho-physical combination of mentality-&-materiality (name-and-form = nama-rupa).
But how? Is it the same psycho-physical name-and-form combination as this present one?
No, O King. But the present psycho-physical combination produces kammically advantageous and
disadvantageous intentional activities, and through such kamma a new psycho-physical combination
will be created, conditioned and born. Source: The MilindapañhaBuddhaghosa explains in his Visuddhimagga (Path of Purification):
Whosoever has no clear idea about death and does not know that death consists in the dissolution
of the five groups of existence (i.e. form, feeling, perception, mental formations, & consciousness),
he thinks that it is a person, or being, that dies and transmigrates to a new body in a new place.
And whosoever has no clear idea about rebirth, and does not know that rebirth consists in the
arising of the five groups of existence, he thinks that it is a person, or being, that is reborn, or
that the person reappears in a new body. And whosoever has no clear idea about Samsara, the
round of rebirths, he thinks that a real person wanders from this world to another world, comes
from that world to this world, etc. And whosoever has no clear idea about the phenomena of
existence, he thinks that the phenomena are his ego or something appertaining to the ego, or
something permanent, joyful, or pleasant. And whosoever has no clear idea about the conditional
arising of the phenomena of existence, and about the arising of kammic volitions conditioned
through ignorance, he thinks that it is the ego that understands or fails to understand, that acts
or causes to act, that enters into a new existence at rebirth. Or he thinks that the atoms or the
Creator, etc., with the help of the embryonic process, shape the body, provide it with various
faculties; that it is the ego that receives the sensuous impression, that feels, that desires, that
becomes attached, that enters into existence again in another world. Or he thinks that all beings
come to life through fate or chance. A mere phenomenon it is, a conditioned thing, that rises in the
following existence. But not from a previous life does it transmigrate there, and yet it cannot arise
without a previous cause. When this conditionally arisen bodily-mental phenomenon (the fetus) arises,
one says that it has entered into a next existence. However, no being (satta), or life-principle (jiva),
has transmigrated from the previous existence into this existence, and yet this embryo could not
have come into existence without a previous cause. Source: Visuddhimagga (Chap. XVII)
Everywhere, in all the realms of existence, the noble disciple sees only mental and material
phenomena kept going through the interlocking of causes and effects. No producer of the
intentional act or kamma does he see apart from the kamma activity itself, and no recipient
of the kamma-result apart from the result itself. And he is well aware that wise men are using
merely conventional language, when with regard to a kammical act, they speak of a doer, or an
agent, or with regard to a kamma-result, they speak of the recipient of the result. No doer of
the deeds is found, No one who ever reaps their fruits; Empty phenomena roll on: Conditioned
States: This only is the correct view. And while the deeds and their results roll on and on, all
being conditioned by other phenomena. In this infinite causal matrix, there is no first beginning
to be found, just as it is with seed and tree... No god, no Brahma, can be called The maker of this
wheel of life: Only Empty phenomena roll on, all dependent on their causal conditions.
Source: Visuddhimagga (Chap. XIX).The Excerpts here are from: Kamma and Rebirth by Nyanatiloka MahaThera:http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/auth ... 4.html#ch2Reborn again!Further Info on rebirth linking:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rebirth_(Buddhism
)http://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/Rebirth.htmhttp://www.beyondthenet.net/dhamma/rebirth.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/Rare_Rebirth.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/Divine_Rebirth.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/Animal_Rebirth.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/III/Endless_Round.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/Samsaric_Dread.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/Th ... _Hells.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/III/O ... Family.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/Th ... estiny.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/Fi ... ations.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/Th ... ations.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/Ka ... ebirth.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/Th ... _Round.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/Ma ... ebirth.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/Hu ... ebirth.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/IV/Hu ... ebirth.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/III/W ... inking.htm Kammic rebirth information entropy crystallizes in new location!About intentional Action = Kamma & resulting effects (vipaka):http://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/III/K ... _Fruit.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/II/Ka ... ention.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/library/DPP ... /karma.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/library/DPP ... ipaaka.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/II/Bu ... _Kamma.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/II/Go ... _Kamma.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/II/Ka ... g_life.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/II/Ef ... ion_(kamma
)_is_Delayed.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/II/Ka ... ckness.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/II/Ka ... _Birth.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/II/Ka ... overty.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/II/Ka ... liness.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/II/Ka ... espect.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/II/Ev ... _Kamma.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/II/Ka ... igence.htmhttp://What-Buddha-Said.net/drops/II/Go ... _Kamma.htm
Have a nice reborn day! Friendship is the Greatest!
Bhikkhu Samahita, Sri Lanka. http://What-Buddha-Said.netReborn Again!