kalden yungdrung wrote:
- What is the position of Garab Dorje inside Nyingma?
Thanks at beforehand
It sounds to me like you're asking about lineage. I don't know how to explain the details without giving the big picture first. Forgive me if I misunderstand or explain what you already know.
Per Gyaltrul Rinpoche (paraphrased): we have confidence in the Dharma because the source is enlightened. These teachings come from the fully awakened Buddhas and Bodhisattvas, so knowing the lineage is important because that's how we're sure of the source. If the source is enlightened, the result is enlightenment. He said you didn't want to follow something that some ordinary being just made up.
In Sutra the main source is the actual words of the Buddha, plus words said by students where the Buddha told them they were right (like in the Heart Sutra), and etc. Then there are all the commentaries, plus the vows of ordination.
In Tantra the main source is also the Buddha, in the sense that he taught all the possible types of teachings in a condensed form when he gave the Four Noble Truths. Realized beings in hearing that teaching were able receive all the depths and layers and types of Sutra and Tantra instantly. In the Nyingma, we classify the different types of Sutra and Tantra into nine categories, called the nine yanas (Kagyud classifies them into five). Those encompass every type of tantric teaching. So what's meant by "all the nine yanas were taught in the first turning of the wheel of Dharma" is that realized beings understood the Buddha fully. Ordinary people heard what they were able to understand, according to their capacities.
(This part is paraphrased from Tulku Thondup's The Tantric Practice of Nyingmapa
:) With lineage, we trace back through the lineage step by step, how the tantras got from the Buddha to us. I just mentioned there were nine yanas. Each one of those yanas was received slightly differently in the world. Different teachers were involved in the transmission of each, which means there's a different lineage for each one of those nine yanas.
More than that, some of these tantras were received in one way by the Buddhas, another by realized Bodhisattvas, another by the gods, and in a different lineage by us.
Generally, the nine yanas are called:
1. Sravaka yana
2. Pratyekabuddha yana
3. Bodhisattva yana
4. Kriya tantra
5. Charya tantra
6. Yoga tantra
7. Maha yoga
8. Anu yoga
9. Ati yoga
A chart of these with explanations can be found here: http://www.rigpawiki.org/index.php?title=Nine_yanasAt long last, I'm answering your actual question.
If you know all that other other stuff you can skip to here. Garab Dorje is key to the lineage of Ati yoga.
From Tulku Thondup's The Tantric Practice of Nyingmapa
The teachings of Dzogpa Chenpo, the summit of the Yana, in 6,400,000 verses, were revealed by Vajrasattva to Garab Dorje, the first human teacher of Dzogchen. Garab Dorje compiled the teachings in books and disseminated them.