Wesley1982 wrote: kirtu wrote:
Wesley1982 wrote:what is the native language in India? . .
Wesley - there are hundreds of surviving native languages in India. There is no one native language. English is technically used as a lingua franca. The Wiki article cited probably lists the major languages in terms of percentage of the population that speaks a particular language.
If we first learn a foreign language do we memorize the symbols/letters that make up the meaning of the word? . .
No, you *can* learn language X separate from it's writing system. This is however not advised (and really not done anymore). In the Berlitz system you do get started just speaking but shortly thereafter you are introduced to the words in writing.
You don't really memorize the symbols/letters of a writing system since most writing systems are more or less phonetic (Chinese being a major possible exception). You learn the mapping from phonemes to letters/syllables represented in the writing system (again there are exceptions - I'm not sure if Chinese is such an exception exactly but there are writing systems that are not or were not phonetic).
Devanagari and other writing systems for Hindi is taught phonetically. The northern Indian languages are mostly derived from or influenced by Sanskrit.