flowerbudh wrote:How is karma involved?
In Buddhism, karma refers to volitional action. And how does the volitional action arise?
Let's refer to the following cycle of dependent origination:-
Balance --> stability --> aggregation --> agitation --> information --> knowledge --> representation --> memory --> compulsion --> ignorance --> blindness --> disorientation --> confusion --> irrationality --> impulse --> sparkling --> inkling --> volition --> awareness --> consciousness --> manas --> mind and body, etc.
Volitional action would set forth some kind of tracks or directions to the becoming processes. This means no input, no output - this arising, that arises; this ceasing, that ceases.