10th Tantric Vow

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10th Tantric Vow

Postby dakini_boi » Fri Aug 16, 2013 9:42 pm

The 10th Tantric vow is "to have compassion for evil beings especially those who harm the doctrine" (http://www.nyingma.com/artman/publish/n ... ents.shtml)

In Chod, don't we specifically make offerings to these beings? How is this not a violation of that vow?
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Re: 10th Tantric Vow

Postby smcj » Fri Aug 16, 2013 10:35 pm

The vow is to have compassion for those who harm the Dharma. If you read the explanation lower down the link it makes it clear.

I know H.H.Karmapa XVI did puja for Mao when he died. :-)
A human being has his limits. And thus, in every conceivable way, with every possible means, he tries to make the teaching enter into his own limits. ChNN
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Re: 10th Tantric Vow

Postby Sherab Dorje » Fri Aug 16, 2013 10:54 pm

dakini_boi wrote:The 10th Tantric vow is "to have compassion for evil beings especially those who harm the doctrine" (http://www.nyingma.com/artman/publish/n ... ents.shtml)

In Chod, don't we specifically make offerings to these beings? How is this not a violation of that vow?
Hw can it e a violation of the vow? A violation of the vow would be to NOT make specific offerings to those beings.
"When one is not in accord with the true view
Meditation and conduct become delusion,
One will not attain the real result
One will be like a blind man who has no eyes."
Naropa - Summary of the View from The Eight Doha Treasures
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Re: 10th Tantric Vow

Postby dakini_boi » Fri Aug 16, 2013 11:17 pm

Sorry, the wording is confusing, and I made a mistake.

This is not a list of vows, this is a list of the 14 root downfalls. It is a root downfall "to have compassion for evil beings especially those who harm the doctrine." Meaning, a tantric yogi should not behave lovingly towards these beings.

Maybe it's clearer in Berzin's description (http://www.berzinarchives.com/web/en/ar ... edges.html):

(10) Being loving toward malevolent people

Malevolent people are those who despise our personal teachers, spiritual masters in general, or the Buddhas, Dharma, or the Sangha, or who, in addition, cause harm or damage to any of them. Although it is inappropriate to forsake the wish for such persons to be happy and have the causes for happiness, we commit a root downfall by acting or speaking lovingly toward them. Such action includes being friendly with them, supporting them by buying goods they produce, books that they write, and so on. If we are motivated purely by love and compassion, and possess the means to stop their destructive behavior and transfer them to a more positive state, we would certainly try to do so, even if it means resorting to forceful methods. If we lack these qualifications, however, we incur no fault in simply boycotting such persons.


My question stands. . .
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Re: 10th Tantric Vow

Postby smcj » Fri Aug 16, 2013 11:45 pm

I read it as a prohibition against befriending or becoming personally involved with that kind of person, hence giving our personal loyalty to someone/thing that is in conflict with the Dharma. But I'm not a translator or scholar or anything, so that's just my opinion.
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Re: 10th Tantric Vow

Postby Pema Rigdzin » Sat Aug 17, 2013 2:15 am

In Chod, by making the offerings to those beings, aren't they pacified and stop causing harm? I would think that would be the first resort before wrathful liberation, and therefore not violating the samaya in the least. I think by "have compassion for" means to be an enabler and supporter to them, which is obviously very different from helping them stop their destructive actions. One question, though, since I'm not super familiar with chod: are the unenlightened 4th guests being offered to actually beings specifically working against the Dharma or just causing trouble for humans in general?
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Re: 10th Tantric Vow

Postby Dharmaswede » Sat Aug 17, 2013 10:31 am

The 4th class of guests is vast. There are literally dozens and dozens of types of demons in Tibetan lore. I am not aware of any type being excluded. The most straightforward offering in chod is made to all sentient beings, no one is left out. Some sadhanas contain a kind of dharmic gift or seed to get the demon on the right path.

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Re: 10th Tantric Vow

Postby michaelb » Sat Aug 17, 2013 11:11 am

The 4th class is those beings to whom we owe karmic debts by harming and killing them in the past. They are specific to us, in this way, not being general enemies of the Dharma or demonic forces. We pay back our debt by making offerings of all the things we took from them. This isn't just found in chod but also sang and sur offerings and deity sadhanas and even ngondro, where they are given the privileged position closest to the tsok shing.
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Re: 10th Tantric Vow

Postby Dharmaswede » Sun Aug 18, 2013 7:07 am

michaelb wrote:The 4th class is those beings to whom we owe karmic debts by harming and killing them in the past. They are specific to us, in this way, not being general enemies of the Dharma or demonic forces. We pay back our debt by making offerings of all the things we took from them. This isn't just found in chod but also sang and sur offerings and deity sadhanas and even ngondro, where they are given the privileged position closest to the tsok shing.


My understanding (which is admittedly very limited) is that the 4th class is of lower beings. Personal karmic debtors is of course a common and very important group in that class, but it is not the only one. Which guests are invited and how they are fed depends on the type of sadhana and the aim of the practitioner. For instance, when you do chod for others (healing), stop a plague, or pacify a haunted place you're not feeding your personal karmic debtors. The distinction between red and black feasts also relates to this.

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Re: 10th Tantric Vow

Postby ngodrup » Sat Aug 24, 2013 2:59 am

If it's true that over infinite lifetimes we're had inconceivable connections
of every sort with each and every being, then it would follow that we
ourselves are not on especially good terms with most of them. We've probably
made some promises we've failed to keep. So, although it is bad samaya
to be close to those who could easily lead us astray, there's still out indebtedness.
So, making offerings to them looks like a lenchak offering to pacify. Give them
what they want so they leave us alone, as it were.
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