I love love this 'decoy simile' and this beautiful painting.
....and this lovely morning, November-rain is falling..I remember the song...NOVEMBER RAIN ..It is the longest song to reach the top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100. .won the best song award of the year:
NOVEMBER RAIN : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aDLrrwWxejMDvedhavitakka Sutta : Decoy Simile
[Presented by Dr.Tep Sastri @ Sariputtadhamma]
What is a decoy? It is a lure, attraction, bait, trap, inducement, enticement, ensnarement. Examples: A living or artificial bird or other animal used to entice game into a trap or within shooting range. An enclosed place, such as a pond, into which wildfowl are lured for capture.
In MN 19, Dvedhavitakka Sutta, the Buddha gave an interesting decoy simile in which decoy stands for tanha-raaga and avijja.
"Suppose, monks, that in a forested wilderness there were a large low-lying marsh, in dependence on which there lived a large herd of deer; and a certain man were to appear, not desiring their benefit, not desiring their welfare, not desiring their rest from bondage. He would close off the safe, restful path that led to their rapture, and would open up a false path, set out a male decoy, place a female decoy, and thus the large herd of deer would eventually fall into ruin, disaster, & decimation. Then suppose that a certain man were to appear to that same large herd of deer, desiring their benefit, desiring their welfare, desiring their rest from bondage. He would open up the safe, restful path that led to their rapture, would close off the false path, take away the male decoy, destroy the female decoy, and thus the large herd of deer would eventually come into growth, increase, & abundance.
"I have given this simile in order to convey a meaning. The meaning is this: 'The large, low-lying marsh' stands for sensuality. 'The large herd of deer' stands for beings. 'The man not desiring their benefit, not desiring their welfare, not desiring their rest from bondage' stands for Mara, the Evil One. 'The false path' stands for the eightfold wrong path, i.e., wrong view, wrong resolve, wrong speech, wrong action, wrong livelihood, wrong effort, wrong mindfulness, & wrong concentration. 'The male decoy' stands for passion & delight
. 'The female decoy' stands for ignorance
. 'The man desiring their benefit, desiring their welfare, desiring their rest from bondage' stands for the Tathagata, the Worthy One, the Rightly Self-awakened One. 'The safe, restful path that led to their rapture' stands for the noble eightfold path, i.e., right view, right resolve, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, & right concentration."So, monks, I have opened up the safe, restful path, closed off the false path, removed the male decoy, destroyed the female. Whatever a teacher should do —seeking the welfare of his disciples, out of sympathy for them — that have I done for you. Over there are the roots of trees; over there, empty dwellings. Practice jhana, monks. Don't be heedless. Don't later fall into regret. ...