Ikkyu wrote:What are the basic differences between these three canons?
There are a number of differences. Firstly, the Pāli Tipiṭaka is the only complete Śrāvaka school canon that still exists. It contains no Mahāyāna sūtras or śāstras. The Chinese canon contains vinayas and abhidharma treatises from a number of different schools. The Tibetan canon contains the most tantras.
Ikkyu wrote:Which one is the largest, and if so, how large or voluminous are these?
The Tibetan canon is the largest, primarily due to having more tantras and Indian commentaries than the Chinese canon.
Ikkyu wrote:Are there complete series' or copies of these canons?
Yes. The Pāli Tipiṭaka exists in Sinhalese, Burmese, Thai, and Roman scripts (Pāli doesn't have it's own script). Most of the Pāli Tipiṭaka has been translated into English.
I'm not sure of the number of extant editions of the Chinese canon, but the main modern standard edition is the Taishō Tripiṭaka which is based on the Tripiṭaka Koreana.
There are about 12 editions of the Tibetan Kangyur (sūtra & tantra collections), and 5 editions of the Tibetan Tengyur (Indian treatises and commentaries).
Ikkyu wrote:Furthermore, does these three canons collectively contain all of the suttas, sutras and/or tantras known?
Collectively, they contain almost everything that still exists. But there were collections of other early Indian schools which have been lost.