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Pali word of the day - Page 14 - Dhamma Wheel

Pali word of the day

Explore the ancient language of the Tipitaka and Theravāda commentaries

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Fri Aug 13, 2010 1:32 pm



'hatelessness, is one of the 3 advantageous roots.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sat Aug 14, 2010 2:17 pm



'absence of the cycle of existence' vatta, standstill of existence, is a name for Nibbana.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun Aug 15, 2010 2:23 pm



In Buddhism, an āgama (Sanskrit and Pali for "sacred work" or "scripture") is a collection of Early Buddhist scriptures, of which there are four, which together comprise the Sutra Pitika of the Sanskritic early schools. The various schools had different recensions of each agama, and the four agamas parallel the first four collections (nikāyas) of the Sutta Piṭaka of the Theravadin school's Pali Canon. Āgamas of various schools, primarily the Sarvāstivāda, are preserved in their entirety in Chinese translation, although portions survive in Sanskrit and in Tibetan translation.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon Aug 16, 2010 2:53 pm



the 4 'wrong Paths' are: the path of desire, the path of hate, the path of confusion, the path of fear bhaya. One who is freed from these evil impulses is no longer liable to take any wrong path. A. IV, 17; IX, 7.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Tue Aug 17, 2010 1:02 pm



(Citta-vīthi): 'process of consciousness'
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Wed Aug 18, 2010 1:42 pm



'nutriment', 'food', is used in the concrete sense as material food and as such it belongs to derived materiality see: khandha Summary I. In the figurative sense, as 'foundation' or sustaining condition, it is one of the 24 conditions paccaya and is used to denote 4 kinds of nutriment, which are material and mental: 1: material food kabalinkārāhāra, 2: sensorial and mental contact phassa, 3: mental intention mano-sañcetanā, 4: consciousness viññāna.

1: Material food feeds the 8-fold materiality having nutrient essence as its 8th factor i.e. the solid, liquid, heat, motion, color, odour, the tastable and nutrient essence; see: rūpa-kalāpa. 2: Sensorial and mental contact is a condition for the 3 kinds of feeling pleasant, painful and indifferent; see: paticcasamuppāda 6. 3: Mental intention = kamma feeds rebirth; see: paticca-samuppāda 2. 4: Consciousness feeds mind and materiality, nāma-rūpa at the moment of conception Vis.M XI.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Thu Aug 19, 2010 1:55 pm



'directed thought', 'thought-conception', is one of the 'secondary' not constant mental concomitants and may be either kammically advantageous, disadvantageous or neutral. -;There are 3 kammically disadvantageous akusala thoughts: sense-thought kāma-vitakka hating thought byāpāda-v and cruel thought vihimsa-v. There are 3 kammically advantageous kusala thoughts: thought of renunciation nekkhamma-v of hatelessness avyāpāda-v of not harming avihimsā-v The latter three constitute 'right thought', the 2nd link of the 8-fold path.

On the 'Removal of Distracting Thoughts' vitakka-santhāna see: M. 20 tr. in WHEEL 21.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Fri Aug 20, 2010 3:30 pm



'livelihood=job=profession=way-of-living'
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby lojong1 » Fri Aug 20, 2010 10:10 pm


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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sat Aug 21, 2010 2:23 am

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby lojong1 » Sat Aug 21, 2010 3:10 am

Sloppy me. This was yours from p.7ish: "[Sankhara] may refer either to the act of 'forming or to the passive state of 'having been formed' or to both."
Which leaves me with the same question. I don't see why it wouldn't be 'conditioner/former/fabricator' in every contextual domain discussed by Bhikkhu Bodhi. Seems to me that where the passive/completed sense was intended, the council arahants would have used sankhata. This notion of sankhara having a passive sense is everywhere in commentaries and dictionaries, but where did it come from?

SN 22.79 Khajjaniya Sutta:
"And why do you call them 'fabrications'? Because they fabricate fabricated things, thus they are called 'fabrications.'
"Kiñca , bhikkhave, saṅkhāre vadetha? Saṅkhatamabhisaṅkharontīti kho, bhikkhave, tasmā ‘saṅkhārā’ti vuccati."
Does the Pali not say that a sankhara/fabricator makes a sankhata/fabrication? Why would Thanissaro have called sankhara a fabrication, given this definition?

AN 3.47 Sankhata Sutta
http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka ... .than.html

If you do know of any in-sutta indications that sankhara can mean the same as sankhata, please share them.

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sat Aug 21, 2010 2:49 pm



The Visuddhimagga purports to be a summary of the whole of the Sutta Pitaka as understood by the Mahàvihara tradition of Theravada Buddhism.

The name means 'Path of Purification.’ The book was written by Buddhaghosa in the 4th century CE and takes as its schema the seven purifications (satta visuddhi) taught by the Buddha in the Rathavinãta Sutta (M.I,145).
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby serg_o » Sun Aug 22, 2010 7:13 am


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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby mikenz66 » Sun Aug 22, 2010 7:30 am

Hi serg_o,

Yes, you're correct about the people!

You probably know this, but I'd like to point out that the correct sutta is being referenced.
It is Majjima Nikaya Sutta Number 24
The code:
PTS: M i 145
means that it starts on Volume i, page 145 of the Pali Text Society printing (in Pali).

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby serg_o » Sun Aug 22, 2010 8:37 am

Hi mikenz66,
really I didn't intend to say anything about the number of the sutta, "in this sutta" meant "the sutta David wrote of".))
Though I read English texts I think almost every day, I write English I think a few times a year. So, want to say one thing, it turns out another. )

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun Aug 22, 2010 2:47 pm

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun Aug 22, 2010 2:48 pm

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun Aug 22, 2010 2:53 pm



[ā + kaḍḍh + a] pulls; drags.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon Aug 23, 2010 12:01 pm



'purification', purity. The '7 stages of purification' satta-visuddhi form the substructure of Upatissa's Vimutti-Magga The path To Freedom, preserved only in Chinese, as well as of Buddhaghosa's monumental work, Visuddhimagga The path of Purification, based on the former work.

The only place in the Canon where these 7 kinds of purification are mentioned is M. 24,,The Simile of the Stage-coach; see: 'path', §64, wherein their purpose and goal are illustrated. There it is said that the real and ultimate goal does not consist in purification of morality, or of mind, or of view, etc., but in total deliverance and ceasing. Now, just as one mounts the first coach and travels to the second coach, then mounts the second coach and travels with it to the third coach, etc., in exactly the same way the goal of I the purification of morality sila-visuddhi is II the purification of mind citta-visuddhi its goal: III the purification of view ditthi-visuddhi its goal: IV the purification by overcoming doubt kankhāvitarana-visuddhi its goal: V the purification by knowledge and vision of what is path and not-path maggāmagga-ñānadassana-visuddhi its goal: VI the purification by knowledge and vision of the path-progress patipadā-ñānadassana-visuddhi; its goal: VII the purification of knowledge and vision ñānadassana-visuddhi but the goal of this purification is deliverance freed from all clinging.

I: Purification of morality sīla-visuddhi consists of the 4-fold purity of morality catu-pārisuddhi-sīla namely: restraint with regard to the Disciplinary Code pātimokkhasamvara-sīla sense-restraint indriysamvara-sīla purity of livelihood ājīvapārisuddhi-sīla morality with regard to the 4 requisites paccaya-sannissita-sīla Vis.M XVIII. On these 4 terms, see: sīla- In the case of a layman, it entails the observance of whatever moral rules 5 or more he has taken upon himself.

II: Purification of mind citta-visuddhi is a name for the 8 attainments = absorptions: jhāna, as well as for neighbourhood-concentration upacāra-samādhi, see: samādhi. ib..

III: By purification of view ditthi-visuddhi is meant the understanding, according to reality, of mind and materiality nāma-rūpa... which is founded on unconfusedness understanding as base, and which in many ways determines mind and materiality after overcoming all belief in a persollality attā self, ego..; ib..

IV:By purification by overcoming doubt kankhā-vitarana-visuddhi is meant the understanding which, by grasping the conditions of this mind and materiality, has escaped from all doubt with regard to the 3 times past, present, future.; ib. XIX

V: By purification by knowledge and vision of what is path and not-path maggāmagga-ñānadassana-visuddhi is meant that understanding which knows the right path from the wrong path: 'This is the right path, that the wrong path.'ib. XX

In order to attain this 5th stage of purification, one at first should develop methodical insight naya-vipassanā i.e. through contemplation of the 5 groups of existence khandha. For whosoever does not yet possess a perfectly developed insight, to him such phenomena as effulgence of light, etc. see below, arising during insight, may become impediments in the 3 kinds of full understanding here considered see: pariññā

'As soon as the many ways and characteristics of the 4 Truths sacca and the dependent origination paticcasamuppāda have become clear to the meditating disciple, he says to himself: Thus do these things never before arisen arise, and having arisen they disappear again. Thus do the constructions of existence ever and again arise as something quite new. But not only are they something new, they are moreover also of limited duration, like a dew-drop at sunrise, like a bubble, like a line drawn with a stick in the water, like a mustard seed placed on the point of an arrow, or like a flash of lightning. Also as something unsubstantial and empty do they appear, as jugglery, as a mirage. Merely something subject to vanishing arises, and having arisen disappears again.

During such insight practice, however, may arise the 10 imperfections or defilements of insight vipassanūpakkilesa effulgence of light obhāsa knowledge ñāna rapture pīti tranquillity passaddhi happiness sukha determination adhimokkha energy paggaha awareness upatthāna delight nikanti - See Vis.M XX, 105f. App..

Excepting the last one, 'delight', they are not imperfections or defilements in themselves, but may become a basis for them through the arising of pride or delight or by a wrong conclusion that one of the Noble paths has been attained. He, however, who is watchful and experienced in insight practice, will know that these states of mind do not indicate attainment of the true path, but are only symptoms or concomitants of insight meditation.

Thus far the meditating disciple has determined 3 of the truths, namely while determining the material and mental phenomena he has, through purification of view ditthi-visuddhi determined the 'truth of suffering'. While grasping the conditions he has, through purification by overcoming doubt kankhā-vitarana-visuddhi determined the 'truth of the origin of suffering'. While determining the right path, he has, through purification by knowledge and vision of what is path and not-path maggāmagga-ñānadassana-visuddhi, determined the 'truth of the path' leading to the ceasing of suffering

VI: Purification by knowledge and vision of the path-progress patipadā-ñānadassana-visuddhi is the insight perfected in 8 kinds of knowledge, together with the 9th knowledge, the 'knowledge adapting itself to truth'.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon Aug 23, 2010 12:04 pm



the 3 'abstentions' or abstinences, are: abstention from wrong speech, wrong bodily action and wrong livelihood; corresponding to right speech, action and livelihood of the 8-fold path. By abstention is not simply meant the non-occurrence of the evil things in question, but the deliberate abstaining therefrom, whenever occasion arises. They belong to the 'secondary' not constant mental concomitants obtaining in lofty consciousness.
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