Vows in Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana

General forum on Mahayana.

Vows in Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana

Postby DarwidHalim » Wed Aug 22, 2012 3:05 pm

Hi All,

For a monk in a particular school, do you how many vows you 'officially' should take as a monk?

For example:
Theravada monk, what are the vows, and it consists of how many points.
Mahayana monk, .....
Vajrayana monk, .....
I am not here nor there.
I am not right nor wrong.
I do not exist neither non-exist.
I am not I nor non-I.
I am not in samsara nor nirvana.
To All Buddhas, I bow down for the teaching of emptiness. Thank You!
User avatar
DarwidHalim
 
Posts: 418
Joined: Thu Sep 22, 2011 6:04 pm

Re: Vows in Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana

Postby Astus » Wed Aug 22, 2012 3:32 pm

I'm no monk, but actually anyone can check on the numbers, and those who have some interest in these matters, know them.

So, Theravada Patimokkha contains 227 rules for bhikkhus (and 311 for bhikkhunis). Dharmaguptaka Pratimoksha (China, Korea, Vietnam) has 250 rules for bhikshus and 348 for bhikshunis. Mulasarvastivadin Pratimoksha (Tibet, Bhutan, Mongolia) has 253 rules for bhikshus (and 346 for bhikshunis).

Beyond those above in East Asia there are the bodhisattva vows of the Brahma Net Sutra (10+48 precepts), and Vajrayana followers in Tibet, etc., take a different set of bodhisattva precepts (18+46) and there are further Tantric commitments (usually 14 common root vows and further more depending on one's practice).
"There is no such thing as the real mind. Ridding yourself of delusion: that's the real mind."
(Sheng-yen: Getting the Buddha Mind, p 73)

“Don’t rashly seek the true Buddha;
True Buddha can’t be found.
Does marvelous nature and spirit
Need tempering or refinement?
Mind is this mind carefree;
This face, the face at birth."

(Nanyue Mingzan: Enjoying the Way, tr. Jeff Shore; T51n2076, p461b24-26)
User avatar
Astus
Former staff member
 
Posts: 4226
Joined: Tue Feb 23, 2010 11:22 pm
Location: Budapest

Re: Vows in Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana

Postby DarwidHalim » Fri Aug 24, 2012 2:58 am

For patimokkha, the mahayana version outnumber the Theravada version.

Is the Mahayana version more complete than Theravada in the sense that

Mahayana patimokkha = Theravada Patimokkha + The differences.
I am not here nor there.
I am not right nor wrong.
I do not exist neither non-exist.
I am not I nor non-I.
I am not in samsara nor nirvana.
To All Buddhas, I bow down for the teaching of emptiness. Thank You!
User avatar
DarwidHalim
 
Posts: 418
Joined: Thu Sep 22, 2011 6:04 pm

Re: Vows in Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana

Postby retrofuturist » Fri Aug 24, 2012 3:16 am

Greetings,

Astus wrote:So, Theravada Patimokkha contains 227 rules for bhikkhus (and 311 for bhikkhunis).

Yep, I'll just add to that by clarifying that in Theravada these are regarded purely as "training rules" rather than "vows". The consequence of failure to adhere to the rules ranges from no punishment (i.e. these are standards you should try to apply) to "defeat" (i.e. invalidation of monastic status). There is no equivalent of Vajra Hell or anything like that in connection to reneging on the path.

There are no official or mandated vows in Theravada, although there are different paths recognised in the commentarial literature (e.g. bodhisattva path) which could be said to comprise certain commitments over and above the 227/311 precepts.

Maitri,
Retro. :)
Live in concord, with mutual appreciation, without disputing, blending like milk and water, viewing each other with kindly eyes

Dhamma Wheel (Theravada forum) * Here Comes Trouble
User avatar
retrofuturist
Founding Member
 
Posts: 1261
Joined: Sun Apr 05, 2009 11:54 pm
Location: Melbourne, Australia


Return to Mahāyāna Buddhism

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: Yahoo [Bot] and 9 guests

>