A1 The true answer is neither of both. This question in itself is incomplete in a practical point of view. Both chicken and egg could not pop out from thin air in a sudden phenomenon. Scientifically, we need to view this process in an entirety perspective rather than a limited view scope.
To start of with, we need to look at basic elements – Energy, Matter and Space.
These 3 elements would interact together to begin the very first dot of becoming process (integration process). The same elements would disintegrate from each other in any time of maturity to begin the unbecoming process (disintegration process). The whole process of becoming and unbecoming would create myriad of activities in a fully occupied realm of existence.
So to answer correctly on this question, one would need to look at the evolution and mutation processes. It is inevitable that everything that exists would need to go through some kind of evolution and mutation processes. There is no permanency in any realm of existence due to conditional law of circumstances that dictate natural processes.
If one was to work in goods manufacturing environment, it would be clearly understood that before the process of initiating any new items, one would need to engage with research and development. The outcome of it would be formation of a near perfect sample. However, samples are not permanent and would subject to various trial modifications until perfection is achieved. Only then could the next process of mass production commence (duplicating process - like producing chicken and egg).
So, here is the answer - it is neither the chicken nor the egg that comes first. It is some kind of life form sample that becomes the predecessor of both chicken and egg.
In addition, we could view it from another perspective i.e. the category of perpetual and non-perpetual. Sample belongs to non-perpetual category and chicken or egg belongs to perpetual category. At the end of the day, only perpetual process would last for some period of time (not permanently) and non-perpetual process would dissolve over short period of time.
As a summary, it is the evolution and mutation processes that dictate all the rising and falling activities in the realm of existence.
Q2 Perhaps, you have heard of destiny; you are my other half; we are destined to meet with each other; we seemed to share with common chemistry; why I happened to meet and love you - not your neighbour? What are all these about?
A2 The explanation lies in the wonders of nature again. When the 3 basic elements interacted together, the very first dot of becoming process (integration process) begins. When billions and trillions of dots come together, it would manifest into some sort of beings - let say human beings.
Respectively, each dot would contain a sort of genetic information that is unique and aggregation of dots would subsequently develop into a pool of behaviour. Such unique behaviour would be enclosed within the same being until the next unbecoming process (disintegration process) begins upon a specific time of maturity.
During the disintegration process, the same basic elements within billions and trillions of dots would liberate from each other and sustain freedom of sorts. When more different beings when through the same integration processes, more different basic elements within billions and trillions of dots would sustain freedom and thus assimilate among each other in the realm of existence.
So now, let say there are 3 different beings i.e. Person H, Person O and Person R. Within Person H, let say there are element-dot of h1, h2, h3, h4 and respectively the same manner goes for the other two persons.
When H, O, R went through the disintegration processes all of their respective element-dot i.e. h1…h4, o1….o4, r1…..r4 would liberate and assimilate among each other. When comes a specific conducive time period, the same fragmented and assimilated element-dot would go through integration process again and through the copulation process of living Person S and Person E (father and mother), thus forming a new being, let say Person HORSE.
As such, HORSE would carry the genetic information deriving not only from S and E but also H, O, R. Supposedly, HORSE would carry fragmented and assimilated element-dot of h1, o2, r1, s3, e2.
In a second scenario, the remaining of fragmented and assimilated element-dot that derived from H, O and R would go through integration process again and through the copulation process of living Person N and Person Y, thus forming a new being, let say Person HORNY. Supposedly, HORNY would carry fragmented and assimilated element-dot of h2, o1, r2, n2, y2.
Now, in a third scenario, the other remaining of fragmented and assimilated element-dot that derived from H, O and R would go through integration process again and through the copulation process of living Person T and Person I, thus forming a new being, let say Person HORTI. Supposedly, HORTI would carry fragmented and assimilated element-dot of h3, o3, r3, t2, i3.
Inevitably, under the natural law of attraction, anything that belongs to the same ancestry would somehow tend to attract with each other no matter how far or near distance; how long or short time period, etc.
Supposedly, HORSE live in England, HORTI in Australia and HORNY in New Zealand. In their present lifetime, HORSE is good friend of HORTI; while HORTI and HORNY are husband and wife. If you view their relationships in a complete scope, all of them are inter-related somehow and somewhere before time. Thus, in their present lifetime they tend to have the “chances” to meet and know with each other and not other “non-relevant” beings.
So by now, one would know the meaning of “Destiny is made in Heaven”; “Man looks for his other half”; “We shared common chemistry”. Finally, according to Christianity, it is believed that all human beings derived from “Adam and Eve” and this statement may hold its truth literally.
Q3 Christians believe that we live only once. However, Buddhists believe in continuous rebirth. Who to believe then?
A3 Who is correct? The right answer is both are correct in their respective point of views.
Now, let us return to the same illustration i.e. Person HORSE, HORTI and HORNY. These persons are unique respectively and no individuals would be the same even though they do share some sort of same genes, before time, etc. For instance, twins are similar but never the same individuals. So, Christians are correct about we living "once" because we don’t find another “same we” elsewhere, anywhere, any other time.
But by living once, it does not mean there is no continuity. The element-dot of Person H, Person O and Person R did inherit into new beings of Person HORSE, HORTI and HORNY. This is what Buddhists mean by continuous condition of rebirth.
For general understanding, rebirth does not mean trans-migration. An individual soul does not migrate from one physical body into another body. No, it just won’t fit at all. Every individual or thing that exists would not be the same - it could only be in similar condition.
That is why you have heard in various stories whereby free spirit or ghost has the ability to possess into the body of an individual but it never absolutely overtakes the soul of that individual. This is because one cannot simply exchange soul with each other at one’s whims and fancies. Even, the most powerful magic charm could not perform this feat. In another instance, you have heard of organ transplant cases, whereby the recipients need to take immunosuppressive drugs to treat transplant rejection – live long.
So, ultimately, it is the wonders of nature again.
Q4 Are books, rocks, shirts, tables, chairs, buildings, minerals, water, earth, plants - all living things or only humans, animals, insects are entitled to be called living beings? What constitutes a living thing or being?
A4 Under our common understanding, living would mean having certain characteristics such as heartbeats, self-motions, self-cultivates, self-assimilates, etc. and non-living would have characteristics of motionless, no heartbeats, decays, etc. In another perspective, we classify that living beings would have souls and non-living things would have no-souls.
However, if one was to view it correctly, everything that exists in the realm of existence is alive in their respective senses. Motion-less does not mean dead and non-growing does not mean non-living.
As mentioned before, all happenings or activities started with 3 basic elements i.e. Energy, Matter and Space. When these elements interacted with each other, living condition starts from this first dot - regardless whether a thing or being would be self kicking, expanding, contracting, etc. or vice versa.
We simply could not draw a line for living vs. non-living thing or being without truly understand the law of nature in a complete scope. Nature in itself is wonderful that allows all things to assimilate among each other and making it becomes too complex for any separation in clean cut manner.
For instance, we like to classify that human as living being and other material things such as air, water, minerals are otherwise. If this statement is true, then we would fool ourselves with incorrect perception. From an article pulled out from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, the composition of human body is as follows: -
“The human body's chemical composition consists of a variety of elements and compounds. By mass, human cells consist of 65–90% water (H2O), and a significant portion is composed of carbon-containing organic molecules. Oxygen therefore contributes a majority of a human body's mass, followed by carbon. 99% of the mass of the human body is made up of the six elements oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus.”
If water, air and minerals are non-living things, how come we are termed as living beings when over 90% of our bodies comprise these non-living substances?
Likewise, we like to portray that when a person is lying dead, only his or her soul would depart from the motionless body, but how true is this? If this statement is acceptable, then the next question would be “Has anyone ever seen pure naked spirits or ghosts?”
So it is appropriate to quote that everything appears in the realm of existence is very much alive. In fact, those so-called non-living things could well communicate and interact with living beings; like we used to term that our Mother Earth reacted to our wrong doings and raging at times.
Q5 How big is the Universe? Can we quantify it? Is there an edge, end or shape to the Universe?
A5 How big is the Universe? Presently, there can be no appropriate answer to it because we have yet capable of devising extra-amazing type of machinery that can measure the wave length of infinity.
Any attempts to quantify the size of the Universe would require truly extraordinary efforts and there can be no reliable measurement because Universe in itself is never stagnant, instead it is very much alive – continuously expanding.
Nevertheless, Universe belongs to the category of perpetual and it contains a perpetual shape but has no edge and no end. So what exactly is the shape of the Universe? The right answer is sphere.
Presently, scientists are still working awfully hard to identify the exact centre point of the Universe for uncovering the present size and the key clue to it would be hunting for the earliest dot of sparkling in the “Big bang” process.
In the realm of existence, only sphere or round (in-linear) is termed as perpetual profile design. Any other shape (in-linear) such as triangle, square, pentagon, octagon, etc. would be termed as non-perpetual profile designs.
And it is proven scientifically that round is the most viable shape for perpetuity due to its equal mutual surface forces from all angles. There are many examples one could observe when looking into the dark sky and outer space on these perpetual appearances i.e. Stars, Suns, Planets, Moons, Black Holes, etc.
In conclusion, one should not feel too sad when losing a particular precious item in the infinite outer space because the same item would return in the opposite direction ultimately. Therefore, the saying of “What goes around; comes around” is indeed truthful for any applications in the realm of existence.
Q6 Birth & Rebirth – Past, Present & Future life, how does it derived? What is the purpose of life?
A6 “Why am I here?” This is a million dollar worth of question that no one could provide with proper and absolute answer to it. In order to analyse properly on this question, we need to segregate it into two categories i.e. creation by nature and creation by mankind.
It is easier to define the creation by mankind but the definition for creation by nature would require one’s in-depth knowledge on the orientation of nature in general terms.
As explained earlier, all activities started with the integration of 3 basic elements i.e. Energy, Matter and Space under balance phenomena. These elements would interact together to begin the very first dot of becoming process or “Birth” as we usually named it.
The same elements would disintegrate from each other at any time of maturity to begin the unbecoming process under imbalance phenomena. The whole process of becoming and unbecoming would create myriad of activities in a fully occupied realm of existence or “Birth, Un-birth and Re-birth”.
On the same pretext, one would question that if “Birth and Re-birth” condition exist, why don’t most of humans have clear memories of their respective past lives or even future lives? Well, it is amusing to mention that most of us couldn’t even recall clearly on all the happenings in the past weeks and what more on our past lives. But in some cases, this statement may not turn out to be factual.
Some individuals did remember vividly on their past lives and could relate it well in their present lives. Some individuals did even see their future lives and relate it in their present lives (with reference to some revered monks). Nevertheless, there is a clear-cut explanation on these exceptional incidences.
Now, let us return to the same illustration i.e. Person HORSE, HORTI and HORNY. These persons are unique respectively and each one does inherit the element-dot of Person H, Person O and Person R.
But now, let us explore further on the density of element-dot that Person HORSE, HORTI and HORNY inherited from Person H, Person O and Person R. Higher density of any particular element-dot inheritance would mean higher retention of genetic information that determines particular pool of behaviour of a predecessor.
In other words, if Person HORSE inherited higher density of element-dot from Person H as compared with dots from Person O and Person R, then the pool of behaviour for Person HORSE would somehow share similar characteristics of Person H. Supposedly, Person H is an ardent pianist then Person HORSE would somehow be naturally talented towards the play of piano or something with similarities.
This is how we explain the naturally talented skills we always uncovered from young children. The same case scenario applies for those “phobias” in any particular individuals.
So, we could conclude that some individuals could remember their past lives because they do inherit higher density of element-dot derived from predecessors with ardent characters or talents. But most people can’t recall their past lives because they only inherited much assimilated element-dot derived from myriad of predecessors.
Right now, with all the happenings or activities of Birth and Re-birth, do we really have any reasons, meanings or purposes for living? So, what is the rightful purpose of life?
Well, the ultimate purpose of life is to attain the opportunity to learn to live wholesomely. It is regardless whether one would live a good life, luxurious life, poor life or pathetic life. By being alive as humans, we have all liberties or choices of path to begin with. So, one should not mention that “I have no purpose in my life” because this phrase per se already determines his or her life route.
Q7 Why are some people born with plenty of blessings? Why some people are lacking of it? Is it due to law of Karma or law of natural random selection or simply God’s favouritism?
A7 It is commonly established in the society that people have tendencies of searching, fighting or defending for justice or fairness but for most of the time, circumstances are on the opposite phenomena.
Inequality circumstances can be seen everywhere and anywhere one moves about. And there is a saying that it is due to the world is round and not square - therefore “fair and square” slogan cannot apply in this mundane world.
Well, one may say that the foremost reason for all these happenings is that God would like to test our patience, endurance, etc. But how true is it? Can this statement be taken in literally? Then, others may say that all these happenings are due to the working of Karma.
So, is it due to the working of Karma or God? Let us analyse this.
Frankly speaking, there are many definitions of God. God is referred as deity or superhuman power for someone who is Hindu or Taoist; and according to Christian, Jewish, Muslim, etc. God is creator and ruler of the universe. Well, the attributes of God can be never ending and it coincides with the proverb “Beauty is in the Eyes of a Beholder”. In other words, God is a subject of reverence for most faiths found in this world.
Now, what about Karma? As according to Buddhism, everything that happens in this world or universe is subject to the law of Karma.
Well, for general understanding, Karmic law is a natural phenomenon law – it is not shaped by someone else; no one owns it; neither Buddhism. It is merely a law of balancing – to achieve the circumstances of equilibrium in nature.
If one was to observe one’s surroundings intently, everything that exists would always try to achieve the state of balance. Things would only exist in perpetual condition when there is a balance circumstance. In other words, one should not waste time propagating the idea of justice or fairness. Instead, all efforts would be worth channeled to propagate the act of balancing in one’s life.
When everything is in balance (both Yin and Yang) – peace and harmony would arise and there would no longer be jealousy, hatred and no more uproar in the society.
Q8 Why anything? Why existence? Why karma? Why rebirth? Why any of it at all? Why something, why not nothing?
A8 If we could analyse and unwind to basic condition on all happenings and activities in the fully occupied realm of existence, we could see the appearance of 3 basic elements i.e. Energy, Matter and Space.
To answer these questions, perhaps, we need to look into “balance vs. imbalance” circumstances.
We could mention that all happenings and activities in the realm of existence arised from the cyclical influence of balance and imbalance phenomena. The 3 basic elements interacted and un-interacted with each other because of these duality circumstances.
And absolute emptying of all these basic elements and duality phenomena would mean Nibbana, as what Buddha taught. An act of emptying = an act of extinguishing = an act of neutralising ≠ an act of annihilating.
Now, let us take an illustration on cancer cell in human body system. Supposedly, there are cancer elements in human body system and when circumstance is in balance condition (conducive) the same elements would interact with each other to form active cancer cells. Subsequently, the human body system would be overwhelmed and succumbed to suffering in both mental and physical senses.
On the other hands, when the same human body system underwent treatment such as chemotherapy and meditation, the cancer cells would be broken down and thus the same elements would disintegrate from each other under imbalance phenomena (non-conducive). In other words, the cycle of cancer occurrence would prolong until the entire cancer elements have been fully extinguished or neutralised from human body system.
Q9 Time travel - Possible?
A9 Is it possible for someone to do a time travel to change on his or her destiny?
Yes, it is plausible but with conditions.
Generally, Time is defined as a non-spatial continuum in which events occur in apparently irreversible succession from the past through the present to the future. In other words, past thoughts or actions would determine the present conditions; whereas, present thoughts or actions would determine the future conditions.
Whatever things or events happening now are the consequences of past events taken place. Like a saying, “I shall reap for what I sow”.
When one has a chance to a do time travel it does not literally mean that one could do this; do that; undo this and that at whim and fancy. No, there can be no reshuffling of happenings. It is just like a saying, “Seeing without sensing.”
In other words, one can do a time travel to the past or future condition from the present condition but has no influence on it. But then, one may ask since everything has been pre-determined or destined, what is there left for a change? Frankly speaking, while one can’t change the past condition, adjustment can still be done to the present condition to reduce the impact on the future condition.
One may have heard that some trained individuals or high ranking monks could relate future events while sustaining their physical form in the present phenomena by doing time travelling in the same plane of existence. This is what we commonly known it as future visions or de-ja vu experiences and it could save lives.
Let us take an illustration of a forest at Mountain Island surrounded by a sea or ocean. Supposedly, Person A inhabits on lower ground within a dense forest and Person B inhabits on top of the mountain far-off from the dense forest.
On one fine day, there was an underwater earthquake miles and miles away from the island. Both Person A and B could not feel anything on the earthquakes.
But the earthquakes have set off Tsunami and it was fast approaching the Mountain Island. Still both Person A and Person B continued with their respective daily activities with no inkling of the Tsunami approaching them.
But being positioned at the top of mountain, Person B has an added advantage. He could see the Tsunami from far distance and fast approaching the Mountain Island as compared with Person A who could see nothing but surrounding of trees.
Person B has estimated the Tsunami would hit the island in 10 hours time and immediately alerted Person A who still has no idea about the imminent danger. At the end of the day, we could conclude that underwater earthquakes is equated to past condition; Person A and B is equated to present condition and Tsunami is equated to future condition.
So, can Person B prevent the Tsunami from hitting the Mountain Island? The answer is a Nay. But can Person B make adjustment on the impact caused by the Tsunami? The answer is a Yea.
In addition, one could also do a time travel into another world of existence and return to relate his or her unique experiences. Let us take an example of the Buddha’s experience on achieving Nibbana while still sustaining in the Samsara world.
Literally, time is absent on Nibbana and all elements - Energy, Matter and Space) are practically “frozen”. When one does a time travel to the platform of Nibbana, one could literally glance at the platform of Samsara all events passing one after another from the present condition to past condition until the beginning of events. It is just like the vision from a stationed podium on a moving train locomotive and coaches.
Gods devas and such having less change in their environment having perceived much longer lives. The inverse perhaps to fruit flies who change much and live but a day.
So could a being decelerate change by space travel and beings retain such products of this deceleration in their congitive field...certainly, why not?
Return to a field of perceived normal rate of change and bringing the products of the deceleration and the normal rate to composite of a greater change to such a field, and utilze such things in a practical fashion, exercised upon the lesser field, ....again why not?
So we may have godly and demonic influcences. So we have einsteins proclimations on space travelers returning to places younger than when they begand depending upon their speed in relationship to the speed of flight.
So we have more reinfocement that all is but perception and cognition. As fingernails on our body are considered to be part of our body which is a aware object so we have inertly perceived substances being perhaps as our fingernails behaving as noninert but with apparent living properties..
So we have no boundaries excepting those of our cognition only. All behaving finally as our thoughts behave...... upon emptiness written.
So all eventualities are achieved. Whatever we can construe exists in some form or fashion somewhere.
It seems, not that time may change but our perceptions may change and our understandings then may change.
Our cognitive function being a relatiionship, time being a relationship or exercise of such a thing. Change being a measurement of a conceived stationary object. The object being finally understood a object changing its station as well. The stationary or unchanging then being the understanding relationship is all nothing is stationary. Such a understanding being a stationary thing but as understandings are not a thing at all.
What intrigues me in this fashion is that determined by observable data we can assume approximately 72 percent of matter is basically unobservable to us by any scientific or directly observable fashion. As our field of perception or cognition is depending upon the mechanism of light and/or other observable energy, in all its fashion and forms. WE know this only by observation of very very large objects movement or acceleration, as opposed to deceleration which our observable perception dictates should be occuring. Basically we know the universe is accelerating apart but know not why. Nothing directly perceivable suggests why.
Dark matter some call it. Wikipedia has a very nice article about it .
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