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Pali word of the day - Page 18 - Dhamma Wheel

Pali word of the day

Explore the ancient language of the Tipitaka and Theravāda commentaries

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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Fri Oct 08, 2010 3:33 pm



the 'Stream-winner' or 'stream-entrant', is the lowest of the 8 Noble Disciples see: ariya-puggala Three kinds are to be distinguished: the one 'with 7 rebirths at the utmost' sattakkhattu-parama, the one 'passing from one noble family to another' kolankola the one 'germinating only once more' eka-bījī As it is said e.g. Pug. 37-39; A. III, 87:

If a person, after the disappearance of the 3 mental chains personality-belief, skeptical doubt, attachment to rules and ritual; see: samyojana has entered the stream to Nibbāna, he is no more subject to rebirth in lower worlds, is firmly established, destined to full enlightenment. After having passed amongst the divine and human beings only seven times more through the round of rebirths, he puts an end to suffering. Such a man is called 'one with 7 births at the utmost' sattakkhattu-parama.

If a person, after the disappearance of the 3 mental chains. is destined to full enlightenment, he, after having passed among noble families two or three times through the round of rebirths, puts an end to suffering. Such a man is called 'one passing from one noble family to another' kolankola.

If a person, after the disappearance of the 3 mental chains. is destined to full enlightenment, he, after having only once more returned to human existence, puts an end to suffering. Such a man is called 'one germinating only once more' eka-bījī See Sotāpatti-Samyutta S. LV.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Fri Oct 08, 2010 3:36 pm



Contemplation, deep reflection, profound consideration:

The 4 fold: see: satipatthana.
The 18 chief insights of vipassana
The 7 fold: The seven contemplations:

1: Contemplating constructions as impermanent, one leaves behind the perception of permanence.
2: Contemplating them as painful, one leaves behind the perception of happiness.
3: Contemplating them as not self, one leaves behind the perception of ownership.
4: Becoming disillusioned, one leaves behind delighting.
5: Causing fading away of lust, one leaves behind greed.
6: Causing ceasing, one leaves behind creating.
7: Relinquishing, one leaves behind clinging. Pts.M. I, p. 58. - See also Vis.M XXI, 43; XXII, 114.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sat Oct 09, 2010 2:28 pm



temperature, heat, is identical with the heat-element tejodhātu.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun Oct 10, 2010 2:11 pm



'hearer', i.e. 'disciple', refers, in a restricted sense then mostly ariya-sāvaka 'nohle disciple', only to the 8 kinds of Noble Disciples ariya-puggala.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun Oct 10, 2010 2:12 pm



The 7 'latent tendencies', hidden inclinations, or latent liabilities are:

1. The latent tendency to sense-greed kāma-rāga samyojana,
2. The latent tendency to aversion patigha,
3. The latent tendency to speculative opinion ditthi,
4. The latent tendency to skeptical doubt vicikicchā,
5. The latent tendency to conceit & pride māna,
6. The latent tendency to craving for continued existence bhava-rāga,
7. The latent tendency to ignorance avijjā D. 33; A. VII, 11, 12.

These things are called 'latent tendencies' since, in consequence of their endurance, they ever and again - life after life- tend to become the conditions for the arising of ever new sense-greed, etc. Vis.M XXII, 60.

Yam. VII, first determines in which beings such and such latent tendencies exist, and which latent tendencies, and with regard to what, and in which sphere of existence. Thereafter it gives an explanation concerning their overcoming, their penetration, etc. Cf. Guide VI vii. According to Kath. several ancient Buddhist schools erroneously held the opinion that the anusayas as such, meant merely latent, hence kammically neutral qualities, which however contradicts the Theravāda conception. Cf. Guide V, 88, 108, 139.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon Oct 11, 2010 3:27 pm



lit. 'fasting', i.e. 'fasting day', is the full-moon day, the new-moon day, and the two days of the first and last moon quarters. On full-moon and new-moon days, the Disciplinary Code, the Patimokkha is read before the assembled community of Bhikkhus while on the mentioned 4 moon-days many of the faithful lay devotees go to visit the monasteries, and there take upon themselves the observance of the 8 precepts attha-sīla; sikkhāpada See A. VIII, 41ff.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon Oct 11, 2010 3:44 pm



The eight precepts, usually practiced by lay people on the Uposatha Days and / or on other times for deepening the practice or while on retreat.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Tue Oct 12, 2010 2:12 pm



'awareness or mindfulness' is one of the 5 spiritual abilities and powers see: bala one of the 7 factors of enlightenment bojjhanga, and the 7th link of the 8-fold path magga, and is, in its widest sense, one of those mental properties inseparably associated with all kammically advantageous kusala and kamma-produced lofty sobhana consciousness'.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Wed Oct 13, 2010 1:26 pm



'indulging in indifference'
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Wed Oct 13, 2010 1:26 pm



the 'ability of indifference', is one of the 5 elements of feeling M. 115 and therefore not to be confounded with the ethical quality 'equanimity', also called Upekkha.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Wed Oct 13, 2010 1:27 pm



'equanimous happiness,' is the feeling of happiness accompanied by a high degree of equanimity; Upekkha as, e.g. in the 3rd absorption Jhanas.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Wed Oct 13, 2010 1:28 pm



'equanimity as link to Awakening'
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Wed Oct 13, 2010 1:30 pm



[upasampadaa]

Acceptance; full ordination as a bhikkhu or bhikkhuni.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Thu Oct 14, 2010 1:41 pm



'recollection', reflection, meditation, contemplation. The six recollections often described in the Suttas e.g. A. VI, 10, 25; D. 33 are:

1. Recollection of the Buddha, buddhānussati
2. Recollection of his Doctrine, The Dhamma, dhammānussati
3. Recollection of his Sangha Community of Noble Disciples, sanghānussati
4. Recollection of Morality, sīlānussati
5. Recollection of Generosity, cāgānussati
6. Recollection of divine beings, devatānussati.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Fri Oct 15, 2010 1:19 pm



'recollection of the peace of Nibbana', is the last of the 10 recollections anussati. Whatsoever, o Bhikkhus, there are of things, as highest of them is considered detachment viraga i.e. the crushing of conceit, the stilling of thirst, the uprooting of clinging, the breaking through the round of rebirths, cessation of craving, detachment, ceasing, Nibbana; A. IV, 34.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sat Oct 16, 2010 1:45 pm



literally, "life history" or "legend"

The Apadāna is a collection of biographical stories found in the Khuddaka Nikaya of the Pāli Canon, the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism. It is thought by most scholars to be a late addition to the canon, composed during the 1st and 2nd century BCE. The title Apadāna perhaps means 'life history' or 'legend' in Pāli; it has the additional, older meaning of advice or moral instruction; Dr Sally Cutler has suggested the word originally meant 'reapings', i.e. of the results of kamma. The title is sometimes translated as the Biographical Stories, or simply as The Stories.

The Apadāna consists of about 600 poems (between 589 and 603 in different editions), mostly biographical stories of monks and nuns. Many of the stories of monks and nuns are expansions of, or otherwise related to, verses presented in the Theragatha and Therigatha as having been spoken by senior members of the early Sangha. Most Apadāna stories follow a fairly predictable outline, in which the speaker recounts their meritorious deeds in previous births as ethical individuals in a variety of different circumstances in different parts of India, before finally recounting the story of their present birth and how they came to be disciples of the Buddha. These stories of the previous lives of famous and not so famous monks and nuns may have been meant to provide moral examples to lay followers who wished to live as Buddhists but were unable or unwilling to undertake ordination as an ascetic.

A complete translation of the Apadāna into English is yet to be completed. The following have been translated into English.

* Buddhapadana (the 1st), tr Dwijendralal Barua, in B.C. Law Volume, Part II, Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Poona, 1946, pages 186-9
* Paccekabuddhapadana (the 2nd), tr Ria Kloppenborg, in The Paccekabuddha, E. J. Brill, Leiden, 1974
* Ratthapalapadana, tr Mabel Bode, in Mélanges d'Indianisme offerts par ses élèves à S. Lévi, Paris, 1911
* Pubbakammapilotikabuddhapadana, in The Udana Commentary, tr Peter Masefield, Pali Text Society[1], Bristol, volume II
* 25 of the last 40 apadanas (the nuns) are included in Commentary on Verses of Theris, tr William Pruitt, 1998, Pali Text Society, Bristol.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun Oct 17, 2010 3:28 pm



'continuity',

may refer to the continuity of consciousness citta of the groups of existence khandha of sub-consciousness of materiality rupa to the uninterrupted continuity of the paticcasamuppada.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Sun Oct 17, 2010 3:30 pm



'impurities', corruptions, imperfections a frequent rendering by 'defilements' is better reserved for kilesa.

A list of 16 moral 'impurities of the mind' cittassa upakkilesa is mentioned and explained in M. 7 & 8 WHEEI. 61/62: 1. covetousness and unrighteous greed abhijjhā-visamalobha 2. ill will vyāpāda. anger kodha 4. hostility upanāha. denigration makkha 6. domineering palāsa 7. envy issā 8. stinginess macchariya 9. hypocrisy māyā 0. fraud sātheyya 11. obstinacy thambha 12. presumption sārambha 13. conceit māna, 4. arrogance atimāna 5. vanity mada 16. negligence pamāda.

There are 3 groups of upakkilesa pertaining to meditation:

1. 9 mental imperfections occurring in 'one devoted to higher mental training' adhicitta; 3 coarse ones - evil conduct in deeds, words and thoughts; 3 medium - thoughts of sensual desire, ill will and cruelty; 3 subtle - thoughts about one's relatives, one's country and one's reputation A. III, 100.
2. 18 imperfections in the practice of awareness or mindfulness of breathing ānāpāna-sati, mentioned in Pts.M., Ānāpāna-kathā tr. in Mindfulness of Breathing, by Ñānamoli Thera p. 60; BPS.
3. 10 'imperfections of insight' -meditation, vipassanūpakkilesa see: visuddhi V.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon Oct 18, 2010 2:40 pm



The 4 'lower worlds'. are: the animal world, ghost world, demon-world, hell. See Vis.M XIII, 92f.
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Re: Pali word of the day

Postby David N. Snyder » Mon Oct 18, 2010 2:41 pm

[apaaya-bhuumi]

State of deprivation; the four lower levels of existence into which one might be reborn as a result of past unskillful actions (see kamma): rebirth in hell, as a hungry ghost (see peta), as an angry demon (see Asura), or as a common animal. None of these states is permanent.
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